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Ongoing Research Efforts
There are many research efforts being conducted on the effects of aviation noise. These efforts are investigating ways to reduce the effects of noise. This section includes just a few examples of the ongoing research.
The Partnership for AiR Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction (PARTNER) website presents research that is being conducted by a leading aviation cooperative research organization.
Recent noise related publications from PARTNER can be found on the PARTNER publications page. Recent publications include:
• Aircraft Noise Characteristics and Metrics. Shashikant Ramdas More. A PARTNER Project 24 Report. July 2011. Report No. PARTNER-COE-2011-004.
• A Review of the Literature Related to Potential Heath Effects of Aircraft Noise. PARTNER Project 19 final report. Hales Swift. July 2010. Report No. PARTNER-COE-2010-003.
• Sonic Boom and Subsonic Aircraft Noise Outdoor Simulation Design Study. Victor W. Sparrow, Steven L. Garrett. A PARTNER Project 24 report. May 2010. Report No. PARTNER-COE-2010-002.
• Passive Sound Insulation: PARTNER Project 1.5 Report. Daniel H. Robinson, Robert J. Bernhard, Luc G. Mongeau. January 2008. Report No. PARTNER-COE-2008-003.
• Vibration and Rattle Mitigation: PARTNER Project 1.6 Report. Daniel H. Robinson, Robert J. Bernhard, Luc G. Mongeau. January 2008. Report No. PARTNER-COE-2008-004.
• Low Frequency Noise Study. Kathleen Hodgdon, Anthony Atchley, Robert Bernhard. April 2007. (Report No. PARTNER-COE-2007-001) PARTNER Project 1, Low Frequency Noise Study, final report.
• Land Use Management and Airport Controls: A further study of trends and indicators of incompatible land use. Kai Ming Li, Gary Eiff. September 2008. Report No. PARTNER-COE-2008-006
• En Route Traffic Optimization to Reduce Environmental Impact: PARTNER Project 5 Report. John-Paul Clarke, Marcus Lowther, Liling Ren, WIlliam Singhose, Senay Solak, Adan Vela, Lawrence Wong. July 2008. Report no. PARTNER-COE-2008-005
• Land Use Management and Airport Controls: Trends and indicators of incompatible land use. Kai Ming Li, Gary Eiff, John Laffitte, Dwayne McDaniel. December 2007. (Report No. PARTNER-COE-2008-001) PARTNER Project 6 final report.
PARTNER is an FAA/NASA/Transport Canada-sponsored Center of Excellence. PARTNER fosters breakthrough technological, operational, policy, and workforce advances for the betterment of mobility, economy, national security, and the environment.
Additional Research Information
Additional research information is available through the following research based websites.
NASA is conducting research on subsonic, supersonic and rotary wing aircraft. Additional information on the NASA Fundamental Aeronautics projects can be found at:
Additional information can be found on the
Continuous Descent Arrival
Check out this video
Continuous Descent Arrival involves the continuous, gradual descent of aircraft on a constant slope at low power. Airframe noise is reduced by the delayed deployment of flaps and landing gear until established on final approach. Instead of using the normal step down approach, the CDA would be a constant descent with reduced power all the way to the airport. This can conserve fuel, limit emissions, and reduce noise during the descent when the airplane is closer to the ground. At 1,000 feet, the aircraft's power is again engaged to land the craft. When permitted by the air traffic control tower, CDA will be used. For more details, see Continuous Descent Approach for additional information on this operation.
Can airplanes be redesigned to be virtually silent? MIT and Cambridge universities are working to create an aircraft that cannot be heard outside the boundaries of airports.
For more details, see Future Outlook: A Quieter Airplane Design
For a quick look at Silent Aircraft, check out this video
FAA Noise Research Roadmap Workshop
The FAA recently conducted several workshops that brought together researchers, community members, consultants and representatives of government agencies to discuss fundamental topics for the FAA Noise Research Roadmap. The objective was to solicit and discuss ideas and issues that would contribute to noise research objectives. The overall objective for the Research Roadmap is to identify research needs and address the various aspects of the effects of aviation noise impact on members of communities. The FAA wants to identify research efforts that are supported by other agencies, and leverage resources in addition to conducting FAA sponsored research projects.
The research roadmap workshops were initiated after a request from the FAA's Research, Engineering and Development Advisory Committee (REDAC). A preliminary forum was held in conjunction with Internoise 2009 in August 2009, a international meeting for noise researchers. The discussion focused on community annoyance and sleep disturbance due to aviation noise impact.
The first workshop was held December 10-11, 2009, in Washington DC and the second workshop was held in March 4, 2010, in San Diego, CA. Information about the Noise Research Roadmap Workshops can be found at http://fican.org/faaworkshop.html.
Photo Credit: Ken Plotkin